Edibility Rules for Boletes by Michael Kuo (The rules for eating boletes will only help you if you’re sure you know what a “bolete” is;. Somewhere along the long line of natural history, the boletes decided that this .. An online version of this book is available here, at the University of Michigan. Buy The Boletes of Michigan on ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders.

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Boletes, also known as porcini mushrooms, are a broad species of mushrooms that contain many edible species and no deadly ones. I mean, even some fish — like whales — totally lack gills. Instead, they have pores on the underside of their cap from which their spores are sent careening off into the world.

This spongy surface looks very different from your typical field mushroom, like say a Chlorophyllum molybdites. Look at the gills on the mushrooms in that link, then look at the pores on the bottom of a bolete:. The pores on this bolete look very different from the gills on a regular old mushroom. Photo credit Jason Hollinger. Another thing about boletes is that they work in mihcigan with certain species of trees and only grow around their roots.

In my area, I only find bolete mushrooms growing near boleted. Once you spot a patch and identify them as edible, remember where that patch is. The bolete fungi lives beneath the ground year-round and only erupts in fruit mushrooms! That said, the best harvests have been in the early fall for me. Here are the two boletex that will filter out the potentially stomach-twisting boletes from the edible boletes.

If the flesh rapidly stains blue, you may have an inedible type. Discard it unless you are an expert. Some of the toxic boletes have brilliant michitan or yellow pores on the bottom.

Unfortunately, by applying these rules, you will miss out on identifying edible boletes such as the two-color boletewhich, though edible, does stain blue. Start by learning what bolete mushrooms look like, then michhigan these two basic rules of edible bolete identification, then work further on your ID skills so you can tentatively boltes beyond the absolutely safe zone. That will put you on the path to mushroom foraging excellence!

Have fun and be safe. I appreciate this video. Simple and good way to identify good mushrooms.

Edibility Rules for Boletes

Any tips on the forests you have seen mushrooms? I live in Chicago and went to Wisconsin few times. Around here my best luck has been in mixed hardwood forests, and particularly around the base of oak trees. I also used to have a ring of puffballs that would come up every year in the middle of my lawn in Tennessee, though generally the field varieties of mushrooms are harder to pin down as safe to eat than the woodland varieties.


The fact that it bruises blue. Nice video, good disclaimers, perhaps a little too simplistic. The older field guides agree with what you say here, but more recent information suggests there have been fatalities resulting from consumption of white fleshed boletes from the genus Leccinum. This is confusing because the mushrooms implicated were once classed as Boletus and many field guided still list them as edible.

In fact many have been eaten for years I have eaten some of these myself, with no ill effects. Yet the reported poisonings were severe, and were investigated by experts, so caution is advised and rule of thumb identification such as you offer here may be dangerous. Further, blue staining may be more subtle, or absent, particularly with older specimens or examples which have suffered freezing or waterlogging. Thank you, Vernon — I appreciate it. Thank you for stopping by.

Take some good pictures and see if you can hunt down a local expert. Good find either way, though! Plenty of boletes have yellow pores on the underside, including some choice edible varieties. They are yellowish inside and they dont bruise inside when theyre cut. The skin will bruise slightly from being touched but only on the bottom of the cap. This is my first time hunting for mushrooms and i wasbt sure what i had but everything im reading says theyre good.

Really good in fact!! So im gonna fry up a small portion to make sure, but im a hundred perce t at this point. Those red ones in your vid are the ones that look like the ones i got but yours are the inedible ones. Whales are not marsupials, not even close. Recent studies have shown that whales are actually a type of rodent, more closely related to rats than dolphins. Such mis-information one finds on-the-line nowadays! Incidentally, I found a probably bolete today -deciduous trees, ex-vineyard- which was bright yellow all over bar the penny-bun cap.

I was in a hurry but scritched at it and waited. No colour change, which I thought was odd for a yellow-pore B. It was fairly old, though.

Going back tomorrow for a closer look. Mammal was the word you were looking for. Ok, good to know.

Does that hold true for all aquatic marsupials or just those in the genus Boletus Whalus? We seem to have a lot of Boletes around my area here in NH. It would be nice too if we can send you some pictures for future mushroom identification.

The boletes of Michigan, by Alexander H. Smith and Harry D. Thiers.

Be careful, get some good guide books and hook up with some local foragers if possible. Good luck — and good hunting! Bitter boletes look almost identical to the choice king bolete, but they taste horribly bitter, even after cooking. One bitter bolete in a pan with other choice mushrooms will ruin the entire batch.


The simplest way to make the distinction between bitter boletes and king boletes is to taste a small bit of the mushroom. The difference is obvious. Thank you very much, Don — I appreciate it. I never encountered that species in Florida. Always something new to learn. But you definitely do not want to eat bitter boletes. Hi, thanks for the video.

I am just getting to know boletes. We have them on our land in MT. I am pretty sure we have the inedible types up there, but I found a large one under a pine in our CA backyard. When I pressed the pores onto a paper, the paper stains blue; but NO other part of the mushroom bruises blue, nor do the pores appear blue except on paper — and then, only slightly. So, yellow-orange flesh remains yellow, but white pores quickly bruise brown, with a slight blue print on paper.

Here in KS all I ever see are boletes under pine trees. Unfortunately this is waaaay too simplistic. michigaan

Mushrooms are not so. There are incredibly edible mushrooms that stain blue such as the Butter bolete. But if you are truly interested in this amazing creature, do your research. If anyone would like a booletes description of the Boletes, and how to ID them, check out: Hello, I live in Northeast Florida and off found what I assumed was a slippery jack. Had a brown, slimy cap, hollow stem. Okay, so, I fried it, ate a few pieces, and Auuggh! What did I actually find?

Hope to hear back, keep up the good work. Enjoyed reading your article and the comments. Why are you calling boletes porcini?

This is the name of very specific boletes and should not be applied to the whole family. That is the rule, break it if you must. Certain boletes that are edible in Europe are actually poisonous here in the USA. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting. Five plants that look like Marijuana: How to grow pawpaws from seed. How To Identify Chanterelle Mushrooms. How to make cane syrup at home… without Which Gingers are Edible? Growing Raspberries and Blackberries in Florida.

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Last modified: August 24, 2020