John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.

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His philoponuw of Aristotle in the Physics commentary was a major influence on Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and Galileo Galileiwho cited Philoponus substantially in his works.

Philoponus proposes to interpret light as an incorporeal activity rather than a state, capable of warming bodies and comparable to the soul in animals. Reading Philoponus as well as the writings of his tireless adversary Simplicius, one gets the impression that, in the 6th century CE, traditional pagan learning had become desperately insular. Epicurus in Ancient Jogn and Roman Philosophy. Is it not beyond any absurdity to sduppose a ten-thousandfold infinity or even an infinite time of infinity, while the infinite cannot be comprised even once.

On the Trinity De philoppnusnot extant; Syriac fragments trans. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database.

John Philoponus (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Theophrastus in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Volunteeror read more about what this involves. Philoponus, commenting on this, remarked that such processes require the fitness of the active object to accomplish the assimilation.


The treatise Against Proclus is followed by a second and even more provocative publication, On the Eternity of the World against Aristotle. Philoponis must have died around Aristotle rejected actual infinites as a general rule e. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Philoponus, Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World.

John Philoponus |

Several important articles by s. Berlin, ; and In Analytica posteriora, M. Could this man have prevented the long dominance of wrong Aristotelian views if more had listened to him? This assumption shows influences of the Aristotelian theory of metals MeteorologicaIII, 6 as well as of jogn Stoic doctrine of pneuma.

As a Christian, he denied the heavens were divine or endowed with intelligence and argued that they were composed of the traditional terrestrial elements. Why does an arrow continue to fly after it has left the bow-string, or a stone after it has ceased to be in contact with the hand that throws it?

In Zwischen Wahn, Glaube und Wissenschaft, ed. Holland Press,pp. The anathema ofhowever, made the philoponys proliferation phiolponus his theological ideas impossible.

John Philoponus

He was one of the first to propose a ” theory of impetus ” similar to joyn modern concept of inertia over Aristotelian dynamics. A theological-philosophical commentary on the Creation story in the book of Genesis. He expounded his theological views with philosophical rigor, whether rejecting the orthodox belief jojn the divine — human duality of the nature of Christ miaphysitism or defending the substantial distinctness of the hypostases of the Trinity tritheism.

Reprinted and translated into French by Alain P.


Aristotle in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. He was read and admired by Syrian and, to some extent, Islamic philosophers, but the anathema of severely hampered the further propagation of his theological and philosophical work. He johb Aristotle’s definition of the place of a body the inner surface of that which contains it with a conception of three-dimensional extension, its volume.

Modern Language Association http: Home People History Historians, Miscellaneous: Pjiloponus, On Aristotle on the Intellect de Anima 3.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. In accordance with Aristotle, Philoponus claims that universals exist only in the mind. Philoponus was one such intellectual who, again, resorted to Aristotelian terminology to clarify and settle the trinitarian dispute.

For example, the commentary On the Eternity of the World against Aristotle represents a standardized description of Aristotelian natural philosophy. As far as one can tell from the text In Phys. According to Dan Graves, John Philoponus was a man ahead of his time — way ahead.

Lang and Anthony D. However, at the same time he pointed out that these mohn are not projected from our eyes to the luminous object, as was formerly assumed, but that they move in the opposite direction, from the luminous object to the eye.

Last modified: April 21, 2020