MANDUKYA UPANISAD WITH KARIKA. By Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri S. Chandrasekaran, USA. Published by: Arsha Avinash Foundation. Description of AUM as the creation of the universe, Why the law of thermodynamics is merely proof of the Divine, Advaita Commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. Mandukya Upanishad With Gaudapada’s Karika and Shankara’s Commentary [ Swami Nikhilananda] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Eventually all things return to the soil and the soil itself and all planets can be observed coming to an end. Many foreign critics charac- terise Vedanta as illusionism.

The mind moving within the sphere of causality further takes sushupti to be the cause of the waking and the dream states, believing the former to be antecedent to the latter. This Absolute Self described as “well manvukya up in the body” means the body and all this is but the Self as described above.

The Mandukya Upanishad (Gaudapa Karika and Shankara Bhashya)

And the object sought by philosophy, as these two pre-eminent Hindu philosophers say, is the happiness Sukham and welfare Hitam of all beings Karikka Sattva in this world lhaiva. He who knows this attains a superior knowledge, receives equal treatment from all and finds in his family no one ignorant of Brahman. There is none seeking Liberation and none liberated. No duty, in any sense, can ever be associated with It. The gross object satisfies Viswa, the subtle the Taijasa and the blissful the Prajna.

Gaudapada by an irrefutable logic disproves- the reality of causation in the fourth chapter of Karika, and posits the Ajatavada according to which Brahman or Reality has never become the universe. The universe of duality which is cognized is mere illusion maya ; Non—duality hpanishad is the Supreme Mancukya. There is not the least doubt that his work will open new vistas of thought to Western enquirers and will make them turn to the East for more light.


It is because Turiya is the negation of all the attributes. All this is due to maya, belonging to the effulgent Atman, by which It appears, Itself, to be deluded.

Therefore no inference s possible regarding Brahman. Taijasa is Consciousness displaying the experience of the dream state illuminated through its own understanding and desires, Consider also Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4. This Atman is Brahman.

Upanishd experience is possible without consciousness. Atman is realized through such knowledge. As the jiva conjured up by the magician comes into existence and disappears, so also these jivas perceived in the waking state appear and disappear.

Every philosopher, worth the name, studies contemporary systems of thought. But those ordi- nary students who cannot enter upon philosophical reflection regarding the Supreme Reality as given in the previous texts, are advised to concentrate on Aum as the symbol of upaishad Ultimate Reality.

Mandukya Upanishad – Wikipedia

This explanation is for the purpose of teaching. This Atman is four-footed. Mandukya Upanishad, verse 7. Neither is it separate from Brahman nor is it non—separate. Or, again, if truth- or ultimate truth, a something common to all minds, cannot be rationally reached, is not karikaa enquiry a wild goose chase, as so many modern and honest: Which one quarter is it that allows the other states to rise and fall, come into apparent upanishwd and apparently to fade out of being?


There is nothing outside it. But the seeing of an object implies the seer. Again, that which is said to exist on the strength of the views advanced by other schools of thought does not really exist. His understanding would suffer the contamination of ignorance through duality.

The Mandukya Upanishad (Gaudapa Karika and Shankara Bhashya)

The objects that we kari,a are really like illusions; still they are regarded as real. And if you admit the ideas [EfTier of Prana, etc. Timeline Chronology of Hindu texts. The describing of quarters is to describe the experiencing in consciousness of the knowledge of that unchanging Absolute. For, fire and smoke are objective realities of the same order and seen to exist together by a perceiver.

Mandukya Upanishad & Karika with Shankara Bhashya – Swami Nikhilananda

Through the contemplation of the three sound symbols as the three states, the student, endowed with the mental and moral qualifica- tions required for the understanding of Vedanta, is helped to reach the Ultimate Reality.

The work of Aum in creation is to reveal the Absolute Self and as said this should be manddukya sole object of meditation.

Mandukya Karika, verse 1. Mandukya Upanishad, verse Others contemplating the nature of this existence attribute the appearance of the universe to the same forms of delusion or illusion that manifest objects in dreams or other conscious states.

Last modified: September 2, 2020